The Vienna Exhibition | In the monastery fortress

Object

Object Title
Object Description



Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel

Thangka, appliqué and embroidery; early 20th century; size: 428 x 307 cm.; loan from the National Museum, Paro
The Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel is seated in the center, on the left stands the first Bhutanese Je Khenpo*, Pekar Jugne (1604-1672), on the right, the first regent, Desi* Tenzin Drugye (1591-1656). In the second row from the top, to the left, is Naropa, the 10th century Indian master, and on the right, Tsangpa Gyare (1161-1211), founder of the Drukpa Kagyupa school of Buddhism. Directly beneath the Shabdrung is one of his incarnations. The person in the bottom row to the right is the Shabdrungs father, Tenpe Nyima (1567-1619).

 
The Shabdrungs youth in Tibet
Masterpiece of carving

Table, wood; size: 34 cm x 71 cm x 35,5 cm; loan from Ugyen und Norzom Namgyel
Artfully carved, foldable tables are decorated with propitious symbols. Central motives are the dragon and the flying phoenix.

 
Wood- and slate carving
Slate carving

Slate, gold colour; 20th century; size: 36 cm x 31cm; loan from Anthony Aris
Namtöse, the guardian of the North, holds a banner and a mongoose spitting jewels.
The mythological »Guardians of the Four Quarters« protect the entrances to monasteries and temples and deter evil influences from all four directions.

 
Wood- and slate carving
Slate-carving

Slate with gold colour; 20th century; size: 36 cm x 30 cm; loan from Anthony Aris
Phakyepo, guardian of the South, holds a sword in his right hand.
The mythological »Guardians of the Four Quarters« protect the entrances to monasteries and temples and deter evil influences from all four directions.

 
Wood- and slate carving
Slate-carving

Slate with gold colour; 20th century; size: 39 cm x 31 cm; loan from Anthony Aris
Chenmisang, Guardian of the West, holds a chörten in his right hand.
The mythological »Guardians of the Four Quarters« protect the entrances to monasteries and temples and deter evil influences from all four directions.

 
Wood- and slate carving
Slate carving

Slate with gold colour; 20th century; size: 36 cm x 31cm; loan from Anthony Aris
Yulkhorsung, Guardian of the East, plays the lute.
The mythological »Guardians of the Four Quarters« protect the entrances to monasteries and temples and deter evil influences from all four directions.

 
Wood- and slate carving
Tenzin Rabgye

Thangka, cloth applique and silk embroidery; 19th century; H: 270 cm; loan from the National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool
Tenzin Rabgye was a confidant of the Shabdrung's, which was a reason the Shabdrung decided on him as his successor. When the Shabdrung entered his last meditation, he gave the following order: »As soon as he shows the necessary maturity, hand over to him the responsibility for all the important and unimportant monastic affairs.«
When Tenzin Rabgye took over his office as fourth desi*, he left the monastic community to get married and continue the family line

 
A dark era
The founder of the state

Roll picture, applique and silk embroidery; early 19th century; H: 260 cm; loan from the National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool
The founder of the Bhutanese state and of its national identity, the cleric Shabdrung* Ngawang Namgyel, was the first leader of the country in the 17th century. While all secular decisions are nowadays authorised by the king, his power is still built on the Buddhist understanding of the world.

 
King and lama
Mandala palace

Tashigomang, wood, clay; H: 54 cm; 17th century; loan from the National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool
This three-dimensional mandala shows, on various levels, the deities in all four directions of the compass of a specific school. A mandala palace is used by travelling narrators of religious stories. In order to explain his lecture, given in a singsong, the bard opens one gate after the other, thus showing the respective gods of a specific level and direction.

 
The mandala



The Vienna Exhibition
.  In the monastery ..
.  Gods and sacred ..
.  The teachings of Buddha
.  The becoming of Bhutan
.  The fortresses - monks ..
.  The way to the throne
.  Modern monarchy
.  Ethnic mosaic
.  The south
.  The midlands
.  The house altar
.  The kitchen
.  The high alpine ..
Handicrafts


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