The second King Jigme Wangchuck (reign 1927-1952) continued his fatherŐs work, the spiritual and political consolidation of the state.He established a steamlined administration and reformed the old system of taxation.
The third King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck (reign 1952-1972) is regarded as the father of modern Bhutan. During his reign the national assembly congregated for the first time in 1955, slavery was abolished in 1961, and in 1971 Bhutan became a member of the United Nations.
The third King ended BhutanŐs long-lasting isolation from the outside world and sought to establish international relations. With the help of foreign support the country is to be modernized.
The process of modernization is guided by the maxim that the development of the country shall be in balance with its tradition and its cultural heritage.
Since 1972 King Jigme Singye Wangchuck rules the country as head of the state and also of the government till 1998. He is assisted by a cabinet, a civil administration, the "Royal CouncilÓ of nine and the National assembly. Laws are initiated and passed by the king and the national assembly in close collaboration. Since July 1998 a Cabinet Minister on a one-year rotation basis functions as the Head of the Government. The »Milestones of Progress (1974-1999)« record unprecedented achievements in the development of Health Care, Education, Transport & Communication, Agriculture, Finance, and the Maintenance of Natural Resources and environment.