The history of Bhutan | The monarchy | Ugyen Wangchuck | Ugyen Wangchucks deeds

Ugyen Wangchuck's deeds

In the first years as sovereign, the king consolidated the monarchy. With regard to foreign politics, he entered into closer relations with the British in India. The old peace treaty of 1865 was formulated anew. Amongst other changes, it was agreed upon to double the annual British payments to Bhutan.

In the course of two trips to India, Ugyen Wangchuck recognised the relevance of an educational system which would transcend existing traditions and open a wider world view. In his consistent way, the king started the first schools in the country.

In his later years Ugyen Wangchuck dedicated himself more and more to religion. He supported religious studies, commissioned holy scriptures to be edited and withdrew more and more into meditation.

In 1926, Bhutan's first king died at the age of 64. According to his wish, he was cremated at the Kurje Lhakang Temple.

As founder of the monarchy Ugyen Wangchuck holds a place in Bhutan's history equal to that of the Shabdrung*.


The history of Bhutan
.  Bhutan before ..
.  Shabdrung Ngawang ..
.  The monarchy
.  .  Jigme Namgyel
.  .  Ugyen Wangchuck
.  .  .  The coronation
.  .  .  Ugyen Wangchucks ..
.  .  Jigme Wangchuck
.  .  Jigme Dorje Wangchuck
.  .  Jigme Singye Wangchuck
Bhutans religion
Gods and Sacred ..

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After Ugyen Wangchuck's death in 1926, five Buddhist stupas were built opposite the dzong in Paro in memory of the first king.
Photo by Armin Haab, 1961