The history of Bhutan | Bhutan before unification | Bhutans early history

Bhutan’s early history

The first immigrants apparently reached Bhutan 2000 B.C. Until today, however, there have not been any archeological investigations in Bhutan. It is therefore difficult to shed light on its history before the arrival of Buddhism.

Occasionally, while ploughing their fields, farmers found tools made out of stone, which they considered to be the weapons of gods or celestial deities which had fallen down on Earth during their wars. The only stone axe that has so far been investigated scientifically could be dated in the period from 2000 to 1500 B.C.


The native population

In Bhutan the native inhabitants are called Mönpa. This name is used for a people of mongolian origin who lived in the woodlands south of the Himalayas. At that time the religion of the Mönpa was not Buddhism, but probably a mixture of animistic ideas and shamanistic customs. In Bhutan this religion is usually called Bön*.

The history of Bhutan
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Bhutans religion
Gods and Sacred ..

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The lush vegetation of the southern slopes of the Himalayas lured first immigrants to Bhutan very early on in history.
Photo by Gerald Navara